March 7: Pyramids at Giza, Cairo Museum, and Memphis

The three big pyramids on the Giza plateau.  Far Left is the Pyramid of Khufu [Cheops; c.2585-2560 B.C.E.].  This is the biggest pyramid.  In the middle is the Pyramid of Khafre [Chephren; c.2555-2532 B.C.E.] which retains a small cap of its original limestone veneer.  On the right is the smaller pyramid of Menkaure .  This pyramid was open for a decent to the underground tomb.
The size of the pyramids is overwhelming.  When it was built, the Great pyramid was 481 ft high. Over the years, it lost 10 m (30 ft) off its top. It ranked as the tallest structure on Earth for more than 43 centuries,

Peggi up by the entrance to the pyramid

Pyramid of Khafre [Chephren; c.2555-2532 B.C.E.] which retains a small cap of its original limestone veneer.

We had to do the camel ride.  

It's easy to fall off when the animal gets up after you get on or gets down to let you off.

Are we having a good time or what? 

The Sphinx was impressive sitting in front of the pyramids. 

Next to the Cairo Museum.  Naturally the largest collection of Egyptian antiquity in the world.



The Tutankhamon collection is amazing.
After the museum we had lunch at the Egyptian equivalent of "Danny's on the Highway" on our way to Memphis.  At Memphis is the fallen statue of Ramses II.
The first tombs of the pharaohs were large bunkers called mastabas.  This changed around 2630 BC with the erection of the step pyramid. Made for the pharaoh Djoser it  began as a normal mastaba, but was enlarged by adding one mastaba on top of another until it consisted of six terraces some 200ft high.. The surface was originally encased in smooth white limestone.   The man responsible for the step pyramid was Imhotep. He is credited as being the inventor of building in stone 

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