Rhine River Cruise Southern Part
Walking Tour of Mainz and Gutenberg Museum
Siegfriedd's Mechanical Musical Instrument Museum
Cable Car Ride to
the Niederwald Monument
Cruise Past Castles in the Rhine Gorge
Walking Tour of Cologne

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We  docked in Mainz and took a walking tour through the city. 

Across from the boat was the Electoral Palace home of the Archbishop who was also the Elector(Ruler) for the area.

Construction of the palace began in 1627.

There were several flower gardens in the town square.
The walk ended in the town square near the Mainz Cathedral.

Construction of the original began in 975.  Construction of the present building began in 1200.
We continued after visiting the cathedral to the Gutenberg Museum.

Two original Gutenberg Bibles of the mid-15th century are among the most valuable treasures of the Museum. Another main attraction is a reconstruction of Gutenberg's workshop.

Our local guide gave a demonstration showing the original techiques of movable type printing.

We walked back to the ship via the river promenade.
 We got a nice view of the MS Felicity docked along the quay.
Back on board we enjoyed a sunny afternoon and a little time for reading.
The ship sailed to Rudesheim where we were met by these trams to take us up the hill to Siegfriedd's Mechanical Musical Instrument Museum.
In the museum you saw a collection of mechanical music devices several of which were domonstrated for the group.
 Mike the organ grinder didn't get many tips.
 After the museum we rode a tram up the hill over amazingly extensive fields of grapes.
 A short walk off the tram takes you to the Niederwalddenkmal.

The Niederwalddenkmal is a monument located in the Niederwald Landscape Park.  It overlooks the valley of the Rhine and was built in the 1870/80s to commemorate the Unification of Germany.
 Mike and I ran into the same girls we saw in Zurich. 

 Peggi and Charlene rode the gondola down the mountain.
Mike and I chose to walk through the fields back to the ship.

  Back on the boat it was time for afternoon drinks before dinner.
All the river boats stop here to position themselves for a cruise through the Rhine River Gorge the next morning. 

It was amazing how many there were considering how few we saw coming down the river.

There are roughly 26 castles along this stretch of the Rhine in various states of repair and use.

Each castle controlled a section of the Rhine and exacted a toll for boats to pass.

View the Castles Page to see a montage of the castles we passed on the cruise.
It was a very cold day so the clothes we took for the Alps came in handy.
 Stolzenfels Castle was rebuilt in the 1800's as a summer home for Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV.S
The ship turned up the Moselle River to dock for the night passing the monument to Emperor Wilhelm I.
T There was a bus trip out of town to Sayn Palace.

The former mansion of the Herren von Reiffenberg dates back to the middle ages. Near the end of World War II the palace was almost completely destroyed.  Current restoration of the Palace was completed in 2000.


The museum of ornamental cast-iron in the palace focuses mainly on artifacts from the famous foundry of Sayn, as well as the social and industrial history of the region.
 In the Butterfly House, butterflies from South America, Africa and Asia fly freely in a series of greenhouses.

The butterflys are used to people and land pretty much everywhere.

Outside, my butterfly smiles because she is having a good time on this trip.
The ship docked at Cologne for the night.

We took a walking tour of Cologne to the Cologne Cathedral.

 Construction of Cologne Cathedral commenced in 1248 and was halted in 1473, leaving it unfinished. Work restarted in the 19th century and was completed, to the original plan, in 1880. 

The cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second-tallest spires.  Its two huge spires give it the largest facade of any church in the world.
We spent some time in the city center before returning to the bus and the boat.


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